Opinion - Stephen Devereux
At the Global Food Security conference recently held in Cape Town, Julian May (Director of the Centre of Excellence in Food Security) convened a discussion on ‘Difficult Partnerships’, in response to a pre-conference controversy around Elsevier accepting sponsorship from Nestlé for the conference. (This money was returned to Nestlé following protests and threats to boycott the conference by several prominent academics.)
During the fascinating discussion, one speaker defined difficult partnerships as “interactions with powerful actors and unjust systems”. In relation to the food system, several possible ‘postures’ were identified, including:
- neoliberal ideologues who argue for free trade and defend ‘free markets’ out of ideological conviction;
- consultants who are contracted by powerful actors in the system and therefore struggle to ‘speak truth to power’;
- reformist agents that bring diverse public and private actors together in ‘good governance’ policy workshops;
- corporatist NPOs who engage with the powerful actors and often share their values and lifestyles;
- progressive NGOs who refuse to take corporate sponsorship under any circumstances; and
- radical social movements that engage in street protests and other forms of oppositional activism.
So where should we each position ourselves on this spectrum? This range of ‘postures’ is premised on a dialectical view of actors in the system – ‘good guys versus bad guys’, ‘us versus them’. But taking an oppositional position makes it difficult to achieve consensus.
One local activist referred to work he did
The dilemma that academics and scientists face was posed as follows: by engaging with the system and powerful actors are we legitimising it? Is this a form of accommodation? We know that powerful actors will only make small changes
Another speaker explained why he is
My assumption is that engaged academics are motivated not by a desire to describe the world but to change it. And that means deciding who we want to influence and how we can actually achieve change. So while I like the
Here is one story that illustrates this. The owner of Longlands in Stellenbosch has built a ‘Country Estate’ with luxury houses selling for up to R17.5m each. To secure municipal planning permission for this development he promised farm workers living on his estate that he would build new houses to replace their existing houses, which are in an appalling condition. For 10 years the farm workers negotiated with Francois Smit to keep his undertaking to the workers, but he consistently reneged on his promises. Nothing actually happened until recently, when the Longlands workers and Women on Farms Project, a local NGO that supports their campaign, took to the streets of Stellenbosch and burned
This strategy illustrates what one participant in the discussion described as a ‘third way’, which is to engage with difficult partners while retaining the option of opting out and campaigning against them