Book Chapters

Sorghum Genetic Transformation by Particle Bombardment

Particle bombardment transformation describes the acceleration of high-velocity microparticles coated with exotic genes through the plant-protective cell walls, in order for the introduced genes to be integrated into the host genome. This technique has proven to be an effective and versatile approach towards plant genetic modification in preceding decades. Particle bombardment has been successfully applied to cereals including rice, maize, wheat, barley, and sorghum. Historically, sorghum has been considered as one of the most recalcitrant major crops with regard to successful genetic transformation; however, tremendous progress has been made in recent years. Transformation efficiency by particle bombardment has now improved from approximately 1 % to in excess of 20 % utilizing an optimized tissue culture and DNA delivery system. The protocol described in this chapter routinely generates transformants at 10–25 % efficiency within sorghum genotype Tx430. The process generally takes 11–16 weeks from initiation of immature embryos to planting of transformants. This protocol covers the operation of both the Bio-Rad PDS-1000/He System and particle inflow gun. Three factors are crucial to an efficient particle bombardment transformation system: (1) an efficient tissue culture system, (2) a highly efficient DNA delivery system, and (3) an effective selection strategy.

related Publications

Book Chapters
Sorghum and Millets: Chemistry, Technology and Nutritional Attributes
Joint Publications
Reduction of Mycotoxins during Fermentation of Whole Grain Sorghum to Whole Grain Ting (a Southern African Food)

Mycotoxins are fungal secondary metabolites that pose health risks to exposed individuals, requiring necessary measures to reduce them. Using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), mycotoxins were quantified in whole grain sorghum and ting subsequently derived from two sorghum varieties (high and low tannin). The whole grain (WG) ting samples ...

Journal Articles
Improving iron and zinc bioaccessibility through food-to-food fortification of pearl millet with tropical plant foodstuffs (moringa leaf powder, roselle calyces and baobab fruit pulp)