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Research Reports

THE DETERMINANTS OF STUNTING AT AGE TWO: A HOLISTIC MODEL FOR SOUTH AFRICA USING THE BIRTH TO TWENTY COHORT STUDY

Published 1 August 2017, by Daniela Casale and Gabriel Espi

Publication: FOOD SECURITY SA RESEARCH SERIES

In this report, we examine the determinants of child malnutrition using the Birth to Twenty data, a cohort study of children born in Soweto-Johannesburg in 1990. In particular, we focus on the causes of low height-for-age, or stunting, at age two, the measure most commonly used to capture chronic undernutrition in children. The consequences of stunting in early childhood have been widely studied across various disciplines, and include impaired cognitive function, poor schooling outcomes, reduced earnings in adulthood and poor maternal reproductive health outcomes (Walker, Chang, Powell & Grantham-McGregor, 2005; Victora et al. 2008; Dewey & Begum, 2011).

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